I Hit a Wall Made of Compound Path

Week 5 of Founding Typogram

Last week, I hit a wall made with Compound Path. Let me explain.

I want to add a feature to Typogram: make every part of a letterform selectable and editable on its own. For example, the letter “i” has two parts: the dot and the stem.

But font treats the letter as a whole, rendered by a single compound path object. Users can’t easily select just the dot and make changes to it, such as enlarging it, changing it to a different color, etc. Represented in code, it is a single <path> object with an exceptionally long d property (for pathData) and a single fill property.

Say you want to apply a different color to the dot of the “i” or the inner bowl of “a”, you need to find a way to separate it from the rest of the letter. Users can multi-select the control points for the part that they want to modify, but the process can be tedious and difficult depending on the situation:

I tasked myself to change that and create a better way. The long d property can be sliced into multiple strings by the “Z” letter, marking the end of a child path.

Each code block represents a separate child path. We can tell by removing a code block and see what happens:

I can then separate them into their own separate path objects, and it would still look the same. However, some children paths are meant to be “cut-out,” such as the inner circle of the letter “o,” I can tell them apart by the path direction – whether it is clockwise or counterclockwise. I will fill the “cut-out” path with white instead of black:

Now I ran into this nightmare of a font (for me to render, the design is brilliant), Monoton, their “o” looks like this:

It has 8 children paths – 4 regular paths and 4 “cut-out” paths. Now here is the thing: in Compound Path, you can switch the order of these pathData code blocks, and it would still render the same:

But in my app, the order of these children paths matters because it determines their z-index, i.e. who gets to be rendered on top. If they went out of order, in which case, Monoton font did, it renders to this:

If I just change the order of the children paths, it would render correctly:

For now, I can’t find a better solution to this other than modifying the source font file and correct the orders, which is my planned next step. It is a painful process as there are many fonts with the same issue, but I am willing to do whatever as long as I get the feature implemented correctly. Let me know if you can find a clever alternative way to solve this to save me days of work!

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